ARCANGELO CORELLI LA FOLLIA PDF

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The Italian composer and violinist Arcangelo Corelli exercised a wide influence on his contemporaries and on the succeeding generation of composers. Born in Fusignano, Italy, in , a full generation before Bach or Handel, he studied in Bologna, a distinguished musical center, then established himself in Rome in the s.

By had entered the service of Queen Christina of Sweden, who had taken up residence in Rome in , after her abdication the year before, and had established there an academy of literati that later became the Arcadian Academy. Thanks to his musical achievements and growing international reputation he found no trouble in obtaining the support of a succession of influential patrons.

It was his skill on the new instrument known as the violin and his extensive and very popular concert tours throughout Europe which did most to give that instrument its prominent place in music. In addition, Corelli was the first person to organize the basic elements of violin technique.

His music was performed and honored throughout all Europe; in fact, his was the most popular instrumental music. It is important to note in this regard that a visit of respect to the great Corelli was an important part of the Italian tour of the young Handel. All of his creations are included in six opus numbers, most of them being devoted to serious and popular sonatas and trio sonatas.

However, it is in his own Concerti Grossi Opus 6 that Corelli reached his creative peak and climaxed all his musical contributions. Although Corelli was not the inventor of the Concerto Grosso principle, it was he who proved the potentialities of the form, popularized it, and wrote the first great music for it. Through his efforts, it achieved the same pre-eminent place in the baroque period of musical history that the symphony did in the classical period.

The Concerto Grosso form is built on the principle of contrasting two differently sized instrumental groups.

Dynamic markings in all the music of this period were based on the terrace principle; crescendo and diminuendi are unknown, contrasts between forte and piano and between the large and small string groups constituting the dynamic variety of the scores.

Of all his compositions it was upon his Opus 6 that Corelli labored most diligently and devotedly. The date of composition is not certain, for Corelli spent many years of his life writing and rewriting this music, beginning while still in his twenties. The Trio Sonata, an instrumental composition generally demanding the services of four players reading from three part-books, assumed enormous importance in baroque music, developing from its earlier beginnings at the start of the seventeenth century to a late flowering in the work of Handel, Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach and their contemporaries, alter the earlier achievements of Arcangelo Corelli in the form.

Instrumentation of the trio sonata, possibly for commercial reasons, allowed some freedom of choice. Nevertheless the most frequently found arrangement became that for two violins and cello, with a harpsichord or other chordal instrument to fill out the harmony.

The trio sonata was the foundation of the concerto grosso, the instrumental concerto that contrasted a concertino group of the four instruments of the trio sonata with the full string orchestra, which might double louder passages. He dedicated his first set of twelve Church Sonatas, Opus 1, published in , to Queen Christina, describing the work as the first fruits of his studies.

His second set of trio Sonatas, Chamber Sonatas, Opus 2, was published in with a dedication to a new patron, Cardinal Pamphili, whose service he entered in , with the violinist Fornari and cellist Lulier. Among his many students were included not only Geminiani but the famed Antonio Vivaldi.

Corelli occupied a leading position in the musical life of Rome for some thirty years, performing as a violinist and directing performances often on occasions of the greatest public importance.

His style of composition was much imitated and provided a model, both through a wide dissemination of works published in his lifetime and through the performance of these works in Rome. Corelli died a wealthy man on January 19, , at Rome in the 59th year of his life.

But long before his death, he had taken a place among the immortal musicians of all time, and he maintains that exalted position today. Please Wait Picture: Caravaggio , Boy with a basket of fruit. Comments comments. Fralick, Jr.

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The theme exists in two versions, referred to as early and late folias , the earlier being faster. Recent research suggests that the origin of the folia framework lies in the application of a specific compositional and improvisational method to simple melodies in minor mode. Thus, the essence of the "early Folia" was not a specific theme or a fixed sequence of chords but rather a compositional-improvisational process which could generate these sequences of chords. This theme generally appears at the start and end of a given "folia" composition, serving as "bookends" for a set of variations within which both the melodic line and even the meter may vary. In turn, written variations on the "later Folia" may give way to sections consisting of partial or pure improvisation similar to those frequently encountered in the twelve-bar blues that rose to prominence in the twentieth century. Several sources report that Jean-Baptiste Lully was the first composer to formalize the standard chord progression and melodic line. The progression emerged between the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th century in vocal repertory found in both Italian "Canzoniere di Montecassino", "Canzoniere di Perugia" and in the frottola repertoire and Spanish sources mainly in the " Cancionero Musical de Palacio " and, some years later, in the ensaladas repertoire.

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The Italian composer and violinist Arcangelo Corelli exercised a wide influence on his contemporaries and on the succeeding generation of composers. Born in Fusignano, Italy, in , a full generation before Bach or Handel, he studied in Bologna, a distinguished musical center, then established himself in Rome in the s. By had entered the service of Queen Christina of Sweden, who had taken up residence in Rome in , after her abdication the year before, and had established there an academy of literati that later became the Arcadian Academy. Thanks to his musical achievements and growing international reputation he found no trouble in obtaining the support of a succession of influential patrons. It was his skill on the new instrument known as the violin and his extensive and very popular concert tours throughout Europe which did most to give that instrument its prominent place in music. In addition, Corelli was the first person to organize the basic elements of violin technique. His music was performed and honored throughout all Europe; in fact, his was the most popular instrumental music.

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