The scientific program will be completed by few more lecturers and by the participants' talks. Luke Drury School of Cosmic Physics, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies The course will cover the fundamental plasma physics and magnetohydrodynamics of astrophysical particle acceleration with an emphasis on shock acceleration and magnetic reconnection as the currently most probable mechanisms. The limitations of our current understanding will be discussed. It is known that the magnetic field in the ISM is composed of a turbulent and a mean component. The turbulent magnetic component induces a diffusion of the CR pitch-angle the angle between the CR velocity and magnetic field lines which translates into a parallel and perpendicular diffusion of the particles with respect to the mean field. The magnetic turbulence itself through the process of magnetic field line wandering produces a perpendicular spatial transport of the particles either.
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Planets, Stars and Stellar Systems pp Cite as. A review is given of the main properties of the charged component of galactic cosmic rays, particles detected at Earth with an energy spanning from tens of MeV up to about 10 19 eV. After a short introduction to the topic and a historical overview, the properties of cosmic rays are discussed with respect to different energy ranges.
The origin and the propagation of nuclei in the Galaxy are dealt with from a theoretical point of view. The mechanisms leading to the acceleration of nuclei by supernova remnants and to their subsequent diffusion through the inhomogeneities of the galactic magnetic field are discussed, and some clue is given on the predictions and observations of fluxes of antimatter, both from astrophysical sources and from dark matter annihilation in the galactic halo.
The experimental techniques and instrumentations employed for the detection of cosmic rays at Earth are described. A section is devoted to the region between about 10 18 and 10 19 eV, which is believed to host the transition between galactic and extragalactic cosmic rays. The conclusion gives some perspectives on the cosmic ray astrophysics field. Thanks to a wealth of different experiments, this research area is living a very flourishing era.
Advertisement Hide. Astrophysics of Galactic Charged Cosmic Rays. Reference work entry. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank many of their colleagues for the interesting and fruitful discussions. Aad, G. Abbasi, R. Abdo, A. Abe, K. Abe, et al. Abraham, J. Abreu, P. Abu-Zayyad, T. Achterberg, A. Ackermann, M.
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Astrophysics of Galactic Charged Cosmic Rays