BIALA KSIEGA MACIEREWICZA PDF

An academic , historian , and human rights activist , Macierewicz was one of the leaders of the anti-communist resistance in Poland. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience , Macierewicz was one of the founders in of the Workers' Defense Committee , a major anti-communist opposition organization that was a forerunner of Solidarity. During the s Macierewicz directed the Centre for Social Research of Solidarity and was one of the trade union's key advisors. A former political prisoner , he escaped from incarceration and was in hiding until , directing work and issuing underground publications.

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An academic, historian, and human rights activist, Macierewicz was one of the leaders of the anti-communist resistance in Poland. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Macierewicz was one of the founders in of the Workers' Defense Committee, a major anti-communist opposition organization that was a forerunner of Solidarity. During the s Macierewicz directed the Centre for Social Research of Solidarity and was one of the trade union's key advisors.

A former political prisoner, he escaped from incarceration and was in hiding until , directing work and issuing underground publications. Macierewicz served as the Minister of Internal Affairs from to , and the Head of the Military Counterintelligence Service from to Early life Macierewicz was born in Warsaw on August 3, Anti-communist activities Macierewicz was expelled from Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski High School for political reasons in , specifically for refusing to denounce the Letter of Reconciliation of the Polish Bishops to the German Bishops.

Macierewicz continued his studies at Maria Konopnicka High School. From , he belonged to the Czarna Jedynka scout troop. After completing his baccalaureate exams, he became a student at the University of Warsaw in He co-organized underground student organizations and participated in the student strikes that marked the Polish political crisis. He was arrested and remained a political prisoner from March 28 to August 3, Following the Polish protests, Macierewicz launched the campaign to help victims of state oppression.

As a doctoral student at the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences, he developed expertise on South America, but his doctoral thesis was not considered for political reasons. Subsequently, he coordinated with other independent intellectuals, writing letters of protest to the government regarding changes in the constitution of the Polish People's Republic.

During this time he published articles and learned Quechuan languages. Moreover, publication of his book and a trip to Argentina in order to conduct archival research were both blocked. After the pacification of workers in June , he organized relief in Radom and Ursus. Along with some of his colleagues from "Black One", he created underground structures, which dealt with the monetary, legal, and medical aid for the oppressed.

From May 16 to July 23, , and again in December , Macierewicz was held as a political prisoner. In connection with his opposition activities, he was kept under surveillance by the security services of communist Poland and, from until , he was detained at least 23 times and his residence regularly searched.

He also began to publish the independent newspaper News Day Warsaw. On September 27, , Macierewicz was one of the signatories of the founding declaration of Independence Service Clubs. In the autumn of , he joined the faculty at the Jagiellonian University. After the pacification of the protest of December 16, , he was arrested but escaped from prison. Macierewicz was in hiding until , directing work and issuing underground publications.

Macierewicz remains a Member of the Sejm, where he has served from November 25, to May 31, , from October 20, to October 18, , and from November 5, to present.

As a minister responsible for the police and security services, he was afforded full access to the former communist documentary archives, including records of communist intelligence and secret service agents.

On May 28, , the Parliament of Poland passed a law that the Minister of Internal Affairs had to provide the Sejm with a list of then senators, representatives, ministers, voivodes, judges and prosecutors who had been secret communist agents between and On June 4, , Macierewicz provided a list, commonly known as the Macierewicz List, of 64 members of the government and parliament that had been identified as secret agents in the archives of the communist secret police to the Convent of Senior Parliamentarians.

As the crisis had been unfolding, prior to the lists' presentation, on May 29, the opposition parties submitted a motion of no confidence, asking for a vote on the fate of Olszewski's government. On the night of June 4, , after the presentation of the lists, the motion of no confidence passed and Olszewski's government was dismissed.

This situation was depicted in a documentary film, Nocna zmiana. In Macierewicz founded his own party, Polish Action. In he founded the Catholic-National Movement. In he joined the League of Polish Families, and on its list was re-elected to parliament in , but left them due to policy differences. In Macierewicz ran unsuccessfully for President of Warsaw. Macierewicz was a Member of the European Parliament during the fifth term. He served on the Committee on Development and Cooperation.

He led the liquidation of the Military Information Services, a vestige of the communist era. Macierewicz also established new intelligence and counterintelligence agencies.

On 16 February the closure report, known as the Macierewicz Report, was published in the Polish Monitor. The move both removes Soviet influence and consolidates the twins' power in the government. The release of the WSI report is one of the largest and most decisive moves along these lines.

By naming people in the WSI who are connected to Soviet intelligence, Kaczynski ensures their names will forever be known for — alleged or real — Soviet ties. The move undermines the entire structure of the WSI and all of its former personnel, ensuring that it and those attached to it can never recover. The committee was also mandated to provide recommendations regarding the prevention of aviation accidents and incidents.

The committee was created in accordance with parliamentary legislation. It issues reports and hears extensive testimony from experts. Controversies Macierewicz at Yad Vashem In Macierewicz published a list of members of the WSI military intelligence service , which included dozens of current and former agents, some active in highly sensitive places like Afghanistan. Macierewicz denouncing all forms of anti-Semitism could be a positive signal that the new Polish government will stand strongly against manifestations of hatred toward Jews.

Macierewicz paid an official visit to Israel in April Macierewicz was criticized in the Polish press during the Warsaw summit for his support of the defense industry of Israel. In October Macierewicz was condemn by Gazeta Wyborcza for his association with a leading champion of the fight to restore assets from Swiss banks to Holocaust survivors.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said that "the Polish government is moving from Russophobia to inciting national hatred," and asked Macierewicz if "there are any historical events and natural disasters for which Russia is not the one to blame. Biography Lists Also Viewed. Activist Politician Historian Journalist Trade unionist.

Activism Journalism Politics Social science.

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