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This institution contributed greatly to the intellectual and literary progress of the Island. The school licensed primary school teachers, formulated school methods, and held literary contests.
On October 18, proslavery U. Mercy to draft a secret document, the Ostend Manifesto. The document outlined the rationale for the United States to purchase Cuba from Spain. It said that Cuba was vital to U. The document also implied that the U. The castle is held by rebels for 24 hours causing panic in the city when the cannon are turned around and aimed at the city streets.
The telegraph is introduced into the island with the assistance of Samuel F. Morse in Hacienda La Enriqueta in Arroyo. His daughter and son-in-law Edward Lind had a plantation outside Arroyo. On March 1, the first telegraph lines were formally registered and authorized by the Spanish colonial government. Democrat Congressman from Georgia Robert A. Toombs admited that the goal of the United States was to annex the West Indies "as soon as they could. The book is suppressed by the Spanish Government.
The United States tried unsuccessfully to buy the Virgin Islands from Denmark and the island of Culebra and adjacent islets, from Spain. Puerto Rico reach a population of ,; its population recorded as , whites and , "of color" this category included blacks, mulattos and mestizos. The majority of Puerto Ricans lived in extreme poverty. Agriculture, the main source of income, was limited by lack of roads, rudimentary tools and equipment, and natural disasters, such as hurricanes and periods of drought.
While illiteracy was On November 18, an earthquake occurred with an approximate magnitude of 7. Croix, Virgin Islands. The earthquake produced a tsunami that ran inland almost meters feet in the low parts of the coast of Yabucoa.
On January 6, Dr. On September 23, several hundred women and men revolted against Spain for Puerto Rican independence, the event took place in Lares and is better known as El Grito de Lares the cry of Lares, also referred as the Lares uprising, the Lares revolt, Lares shout, or the Lares rebellion. The rebellion is planned by a group, led by Dr. Manuel Rojas plantation located in Lares became the headquarters for like-minded revolutionaries who would push for a split from Spain.
On June 4, as a result of Roman Baldorioty de Castro, Luis Padial and Julio Vizcarrondo efforts, the Moret Law is approved, with this law liberty was given to slaves born after September 17, and to slaves over 60 years old. On November, the Liberal Reformist Party is founded. Two factions were formed: 1 Traditionalist assimilation into the political party system of Spain. The two factions became the first true political organizations in the island. The Spanish Crown abolished slavery in Puerto Rico.
The owners were compensated with 35 million pesetas per slave, and slaves were required to continue working for three more years. On August , a hurricane strikes the island. The winds reached speeds of 90 miles per hour. It is estimated that more than 3, people died. The hurricane is named San Ciriaco for the name of the saint on whose day the hurricane struck Puerto Rico. It was soon adopted as a national symbol. It allowed the island to retain its representation in the Spanish Cortes, and provided for a bicameral legislature.
This legislature consisted of a Council of Administration with eight 8 elected and seven 7 appointed members, and a Chamber of Representatives with one 1 member for every 25, inhabitants. On February 9, the new government officially opened for business in the spring of Subsequently, the governor had no authority to intervene in civil and political matters unless authorized to do so by the Cabinet.
On March 2, the Army Appropriation Bill created by an act of Congress, authorized the creation of the first body of native troops in Puerto Rico.
On March 10, Dr. Julio J. Henna and Robert H. Todd, prominent leaders of the Puerto Rican section of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, began to correspond with United States President McKinley and Senate in hopes that they would consider including Puerto Rico in whatever intervention is planned for Cuba.
Henna and Todd also provided the U. On April 11, U. President William McKinley requested authorization from the U. Congress to intervene in Cuba, to stop the war between Cuban revolutionaries and Spain. On April 13, The U. Congress agreed to President McKinley's request for intervention in Cuba, but without recognizing the Cuban Government.
The Spanish government declared that U. On April 19, The U. Congress by a vote of to 6 in the House and 42 to 35 in the Senate adopted the Joint Resolution for war with Spain which included the Teller Amendment, named after Senator Henry Moore Teller Colorado which disclaimed any intention of the U.
President McKinley signed the resolution on April 20, and the ultimatum was forwarded to Spain. Woodford received his passport before presenting the ultimatum of the United States. A state of war existed between Spain and the United States and all diplomatic relations were suspended. President McKinley ordered blockade of Cuba.
On May, Lt. Henry H. He provided maps and information on the Spanish military forces to the U. Yale under the command of Capt. William Clinton Wise. On May 12, A squadron of 12 U.
William T. Sampson bombarded San Juan. On July 18, General Nelson A. Miles, commander of the invading forces, received orders to sail for Puerto Rico. On July 21, convoy of 3, soldiers and nine transports escorted by the U. Upon arrival, the ship met with Spanish resistance the morning of July By August, the whole island was practically invaded. On August 12, U. Spain relinquished its sovereignty over the territories of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Phillippines. On September 9, U. General John R.
Brooke became the first American military governor. On December 10, Treaty of Paris is signed ratified by the U. Senate Feb. The American peace commission consisted of William R.
Day, Sen. Cushman K. Davis, Sen. William P. Frye, Sen. George Gray, and the Honorable Whitelaw Reid. Jules Cambon, a French diplomat, also negotiated on Spain's behalf. On May, General George W. Davis succeeded to Island command. Freedom of assembly, speech, press, and religion were decreed and an eight-hour day for government employees was established. A public school system is started and the U. Postal service is extended to the Island. The highway system was enlarged, and bridges over the more important rivers were constructed.
The government lottery was abolished, cockfighting was forbidden, and a beginning was made toward the establishment of a centralized public health service.
The party embraced the idea of annexation to the US as a solution to the colonial situation. On August 8, Hurricane San Ciriaco strikes the island. It rained for 28 days straight and the winds reached speeds of miles per hour.
The loss of life and property damage were immense.
Carta Autonómica de Puerto Rico (1897)
In , Spain offered an Autonomic Charter to both Cuba and Puerto Rico in a desperate attempt to retain its last two colonies in the Western Hemisphere. Puerto Rican liberal Criollos accepted. The Cuban Rebels and revolutionary Puerto Ricans in the exile rejected the offer. Sixteen Puerto Rican delegates were to be elected by popular vote to represent the island in the cortes of the kingdom while three senators were to be chosen by an assembly of elected officials to serve in the Peninsular Congress. The charter also provided for the creation of a cabinet by the wining coalition or party.
Puerto Rico's History
Brief Read on the Carta Autonómica of 1897
Genesis y Praxis de La Carta Autonomica de 1897 En Puerto Rico