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Sandria B. Freitag, Shahid Amin. Event, Metaphor, Memory: Chauri Chaura — Most users should sign in with their email address.
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Event, Metaphor, Memory: Chauri Chaura, 1922-1992
Taking Gandhi's statements about civil disobedience to heart, in February residents from the villages around the north Indian market town of Chauri Chaura attacked the local police station, burned it to the ground and murdered twenty-three constables. Appalled that his teachings were turned to violent ends, Gandhi called off his Noncooperation Movement and fasted to bring the people back to nonviolence. In the meantime, the British government denied that the riot reflected Indian resistance to its rule and tried the rioters as common criminals. These events have taken on great symbolic importance among Indians, both in the immediate region and nationally.
Event, metaphor, memory: Chauri Chaura, 1922-1992
He also authored Sugarcane and Sugar in Gorakhpur Amin explores the events leading up to, during, and immediately after the burning of the Chauri Chaura thana in and murder of 22 police officers to see if the Indian popular memory of the event is accurate. The Indian popular memory is that the perpetrators were not nationalists, but criminals with no relationship to the Non-Cooperation Movement and later Nationalist Movement s that Gandhi led and eventually forced the British to leave the country Amin shows how Gandhi and even British justice forged this non-political identity onto the nationalists around Chauri Chaura. Amin aims to dissect the events around Chauri Chaura, and then analyze how the event was remembered and used as a metaphor of what not to do by the Nationalist Movement and later history. Along with this, Amin asks if there is any other evidence contained deeper in the story that can show the nationalist leanings of the peasantry meaning dress codes, foods, and language, for example. Amin asks if the later retaliation of the police after the burning of the thana or the trials show anything about the nationalist character of the peasantry. Also, Amin seeks to understand how the memory and metaphor of Chauri Chaura was constructed and reinforced so much so that in the latter half of the twentieth century, it was identified as an event firmly placed outside the boundaries of the nationalist movement.