The IP Code , or Ingress Protection Code , IEC standard , sometimes interpreted as International Protection Code , classifies and rates the degree of protection provided by mechanical casings and electrical enclosures against intrusion, dust , accidental contact, and water. The equivalent European standard is EN The standard aims to provide users more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof. For example, a cellular phone rated at IP68 is "dust resistant" and can be "immersed in 1.
|Published (Last):||10 February 2017|
|PDF File Size:||10.30 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.79 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Ingress protection testing tests the degree of protection an enclosure provides against intrusions. One such set of ingress protection tests involves immersing the equipment under test EUT , in water. The solid particles can include probes, fingers and dust testing. The second digit in the ingress protection code rating, in the case of the immersion ingress protection testing, would always be a 7 or an 8. Below is a brief description of the two types of immersion tests included in ingress protection testing per the IEC test standard.
Immersion testing has always been important, but it has become a key marketing point for many manufacturers over the last couple of years. Many cell phone manufacturers now publicize and promote their immersion test IP Code rating. They boast the level of protection. It is a competitive advantage to be able to say that their phone is not damaged if it is submerged in water. The term water resistant is frequently used. This marketing push has forced engineers to get creative with the design of enclosures.
What was once accepted is no longer the case. For decades, the expectation was that if an electronic product got wet, it would probably not work.
Conventional wisdom stated that if an electronic product got submerged, it would definitely not work. Such is no longer the case.
The change in expectations started with the creation of portable electrical equipment. Initially a portable product was a product that could be moved, but probably would not be moved that much. As products evolved, the handling increased. Products that occasionally would get moved in the past are now being constantly moved because they are now part of the consumer. Like cell phones, wearable technology must undergo rigorous enclosure testing including immersion testing.
Despite the emphasis on consumer products, a lot of other products must be tested in an immersion test lab. Military products must be ruggedized to meet a variety of different challenging environments. Immersion and enclosure testing is essential for product certification.
Many industrial products must meet ingress protection test standards as well. Mining equipment and transportation equipment often encounter very wet conditions. Products going on ships are obvious candidates to need immersion test lab visits. Manufacturers need ip code testing to learn the levels of water resistance. Lastly, the advent of waterproof fabrics such as gore tex has influenced the emphasis on ip ratings. The ingress protection ip testing of fabrics is now a substantial market.
A product completing a one meter immersion test can be a significant competitive advantage. For a complete list of all of the possible IPX7 and IPX8 ipcode combinations, please see the chart at the bottom of this page.
There is a list of every code for the testing of solid foreign objects and water immersion testing. As a leader in ingress protection testing, Keystone Compliance is the chosen immersion testing lab of many manufacturers. Our liquid testing scope is highlighted by our enclosure immersion testing. Our scope also includes dripping water test , spraying water test , water jets test and high temperature and high pressure water test.
In addition to water ingress protection testing, we also offer testing of solid items including dust ingress testing as well.
We also offer testing to many commercial and military ingress protection standards. Contact us to request a quote and realize firsthand why so many companies trust Keystone Compliance as their immersion test lab. Search for:. The State of Pennsylvania has deemed Keystone Compliance as an essential life-sustaining company that will remain operational to its customers.
IEC 60529 IPX7 Immersion Chamber Smart Water Supply and Control System for IPX1 to IPX8
Some are higher than others. IP, standing for an Ingress Protection is often found in the form of a table. An IP rating is a measure of an enclosure or cases ability to resist items entering it. Otherwise known as Ingress Protection. This means you can determine the exact levels of protection against moisture. An IP rating is, in summary, a two digit code. The first digit establishes the level of protection against intrusion of foreign bodies.
Ingress Protection: Immersion Water Tests (IPX7 and IPX8)
As defined in international standard IEC , it classifies the degrees of protection provided against the intrusion of solid objects including body parts like hands and fingers , dust, accidental contact, and water in electrical enclosures. The standard aims to provide users more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof. The digits characteristic numerals indicate conformity with the conditions summarized in the tables below. For example, an electrical socket rated IP22 is protected against insertion of fingers and will not be damaged or become unsafe during a specified test in which it is exposed to vertically or nearly vertically dripping water. IP22 or 2X are typical minimum requirements for the design of electrical accessories for indoor use.