Kalpasutra literally means book of rituals. They mainly contain the biographies of the Jain tirthankaras Mahavir and Parshvanatha. They were illustrated with miniature paintings from the 14th century; and written on paper mostly in Gujarat in India. The Kalpasutra is an important text for the Svetambara sect of Jainsim.
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Kalpasutra literally means book of rituals. They mainly contain the biographies of the Jain tirthankaras Mahavir and Parshvanatha. They were illustrated with miniature paintings from the 14th century; and written on paper mostly in Gujarat in India. The Kalpasutra is an important text for the Svetambara sect of Jainsim. The Kalpasutra has three sections.
The second is about the life of Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara. The third part deals with rules for ascetics and laws during four months of the rainy season, when they temporarily abandon their wandering life and settle down amidst the ordinary people. The folio below depicts how Parsvanatha endures torments from evil God Kamatha and is protected by serpent god Dharnendra and his consort Padmavati. They are depicted as an array of emblems above her in the illustration. In order to decode the dreams King Siddhartha, father of Mahavira summoned dream interpreters.
This is depicted in the manuscript folio below. See page for author [CC BY 4. The manuscript below depicts varsidana or Mahavira giving away his personal belongings for a year, before his enlightenment.
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What is Kalpa Sutra and Why Do Swetambara Jains Read it During Paryushan?
Contributed by Nalini Balbir. The first two parts contain details of the lives of the 24 Jinas , who are the source of Jain teachings , and their early followers. The third part establishes rules for monastic conduct during the rainy season, which is an exceptional period in the life of mendicants. The reasons for this are probably to do with the narrative of the monk's life. Because of their beauty and importance in the literature and practice of the Jain faith, these items are highlights of the manuscripts on the website.
Jaina kalpasutras: some manuscript images
Kalpasutra means something in Hinduism , Sanskrit, Jainism , Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. The eighteen mahapuranas total over , shlokas metrical couplets and date to at least several centuries BCE. This Sutra contains detailed life histories and, from the midth century, was frequently illustrated with miniature painting. The oldest surviving copies are written on paper in western India in the 14th century. Kalpasutra is the earliest Jain text which gives the account of 24 Tirthankaras.
The Story of Mahavira: Kalpasutra Manuscript
The Kalpasutra Book of Rituals is the most important canonical text in Jain literature for the Svetambaras white-clad , one of the two sects of Jainism. Jainism is one of the oldest religions to have survived until the present time and its basic teaching is one of non-violence. The Kalpasutra is divided into three sections. The first section deals with the lives of the twenty-four Jinas or Tirthankaras, who were the Jain spiritual teachers or 'ford-makers'.
Kalpasutra, Kalpasūtra, Kalpa-sutra: 10 definitions
This Sutra contains detailed life histories and, from the midth century, was frequently illustrated with miniature painting. The oldest surviving copies are written on paper in western India in the 14th century. The book is read and illustrated in an eight-day-long festival of Paryushan by Jain monks for general people. Only monks can read the scriptures, as in Jainism, this book has very high spiritual values. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jain manuscript written by Bhadrabahu. Jain prayers.