KURMANJI KURDISH GRAMMAR PDF

Estimates of number of Kurmanji speakers range from 8. Kurmanji is the dominant language in southeastern Turkey. Kurmanji grammar differs greatly from that of Sorani, the other major Kurdish language. Kurmanji Kurdish has 8 vowels excluding the diphthongs , which correspond almost exactly to the 8 Sorani vowels. There are at most 31 consonants in Kurmanji.

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A systematic approach, beginning with the basic building blocks of Kurmanji and progressing to advanced structures and topics. Learning grammar, one way or another, is a necessary element of learning language. As much as possible, our lessons aim to explain how Kurmanji works in everyday terms. Virtually every lesson includes audio of native speakers. Links for audio files are included on the Lessons page. These are embedded in the lessons but can also be downloaded to smart phones and tablets via the Quizlet app , which is available in the Google Play Store and the App Store.

Applying what you study is the only way to learn, especially when it comes to language. Our lessons include exercises to encourage you to practice. These exercises, also done with Quizlet flashcards, allow you to create various types of tests for yourself and get immediate feedback which shows questions missed and correct answers.

See this page for instructions on creating tests with these Quizlet exercises. After laying some foundational building blocks, a number of lessons include texts and dialogues to help you learn everything in context. These texts cover a range of topics to build vocabulary and also focus on frequent use of grammar forms being taught. We also include audio recordings of these texts for listening practice.

Our Approach This site is designed to teach Kurmanji Kurdish in small bite-sized increments using a systematic, step by step approach. As much as possible, we aim to explain things in everyday terms, give real life examples, and provide vocabulary and exercises with each lesson.

Latest Updates Lesson 15 has been added! This lesson covers the present tense verb, both present simple and present continuous. Features of This Site. Features of LearnKurmanji.

Systematic Approach A systematic approach, beginning with the basic building blocks of Kurmanji and progressing to advanced structures and topics. Grammar in Everyday Language Learning grammar, one way or another, is a necessary element of learning language. Lots of Audio Virtually every lesson includes audio of native speakers.

Exercises for Practice Applying what you study is the only way to learn, especially when it comes to language. Texts and Dialogues After laying some foundational building blocks, a number of lessons include texts and dialogues to help you learn everything in context.

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Kurdish grammar

Kurdish grammar has many Inflections , with prefixes and suffixes added to roots to express grammatical relations and to form words. Among all modern Iranian languages, only Yaghnobi and Kurdish are ergative , with respect to both case-marking and verb-agreement. Sorani Kurdish has a split-ergative system. Ezafe is used with nouns to indicate possession. Ezafe -y joins the possessive noun with its possessed noun. Ezafe is also used alongside pronouns to show possession.

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Originally published in London. It was not so long ago that Kurdish was described by travellers as a harsh jargon, a very corrupt dialect of Persian, unintelligible to any but the folk who spoke it naturally; or again by others as an artificial language composed of Persian, Armenian and Turkish words. It is neither of these. A little research proves it to be as worthy of the name of a separate and developed language as Turkish or Persian themselves. The early Medes and Persians spoke two closely related languages Medic or Avestic and Old Persian , but the two tongues have grown further apart than it was originally the case.

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