The Italian mental health care is based on Law it. Legge , also called Legge Basaglia, from the name of the author of the reform, Franco Basaglia. It was adopted on May 13th The new legislation resulted from the actions of a strong anti-psychiatric movement and it brought about a major change in the organization of psychiatric care. The reform and its consequences were widely studied by the researchers, especially in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The authors point out many successes of the reform, especially in its beginning.
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The Italian mental health care is based on Law it. Legge , also called Legge Basaglia, from the name of the author of the reform, Franco Basaglia. It was adopted on May 13th The new legislation resulted from the actions of a strong anti-psychiatric movement and it brought about a major change in the organization of psychiatric care. The reform and its consequences were widely studied by the researchers, especially in the United Kingdom and the United States of America.
The authors point out many successes of the reform, especially in its beginning. They seek the sources of its failure in a faulty and incomplete implementation. Legge Basaglia completely changed the structure of mental health care in Italy, finally bringing psychiatry back to medicine and the general hospitals, as well as promoting community-based psychiatry. Deinstitutionalization in Italy was not related to an increase in compulsory psychiatric hospitalizations, suicide attempts by the mentally ill, nor did it raise the number of crimes committed by them.
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Abstract The Italian mental health care is based on Law it. Similar articles [Deinstitutionalization in Italian psychiatry - the course and consequences Part I. The course of deinstitutionalization - the activity of Basaglia's group]. Morzycka-Markowska M, et al. Psychiatr Pol. PMID: Polish. Becker T. Psychiatr Prax. PMID: German. Community-based psychiatry: long-term patterns of care in South-Verona. Psychol Med Monogr Suppl. PMID: A European comparison]. PMID: Review. Improving treatment for the severely mentally ill: implications of the decade-long Italian psychiatric reform.
Glick ID. Show more similar articles See all similar articles. Guaiana G, et al. Community Ment Health J. Epub May 3. Becker T, Fangerau H. Becker T, et al.
Version 2. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. Epub Nov 6. Commitment of Mentally Ill Actions. Europe Actions. Humans Actions. Italy Actions. United Kingdom Actions. United States Actions. Full-text links [x] Polish Psychiatric Association. Copy Download.
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Basaglia Law or Law Italian : Legge Basaglia, Legge is the Italian Mental Health Act of which signified a large reform of the psychiatric system in Italy , contained directives for the closing down of all psychiatric hospitals  and led to their gradual replacement with a whole range of community-based services, including settings for acute in-patient care. The law itself lasted until December 23, Then, its articles were incorporated, with very little changes, into a broader law Italian : legge 23 dicembre , n. The new Italian law was created after conducting the long-term pilot experiments of deinstitutionalization in a number of cities including Gorizia , Arezzo , Trieste , Perugia , Ferrara between and In the early sixties, a critical factor for development of the new Law was the availability of widespread reform movements across the country led by the trade unions , the working class , university students , and radical and leftist parties. Law was based on the following main provisions:  :