LUKACS REIFICATION AND THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE PROLETARIAT PDF

From this purposeful movement away from these forms, it is possible to see the ideological problems of capitalism and its downfall more clearly. Thus it is not enough to just find out what a commodity is within our society, but how it affects and relates to the inner and outer facets of society. He goes on to describe that individuals in a capitalist society are viewed as having labor as a possession, wherein human function is reduced to a commodity, which is the crux of the problem of capitalism. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat , in, Kearney, R. Rainwater, M. The Continental Philosophy Reader.

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Rereading History and Class Consciousness this week to rewrite my chapter on fetishism in Lukacs. This time I think I know why it is. He attempts to synthesize these two types through his interpretation of fetishism as reification. In these works Lukacs offers a variant of kultur critique levelled at intertwined conceptions of society and culture.

These include a criticism of: 1 depersonalization 2 Weberian rationalization. From the standpoint of the modern individual, the essence of the modern division of labour is perhaps that it makes work independent of the always irrational, thus only qualitatively determinable, capacities of the workers and places it under objective, goal-oriented critieria that lie outside of his personality and have no relationship to it.

The major economic tendency of capitalism is this same objectification of production, its separation from the personality of the producers. This neglect of the personification of things hampers an explanation for the constitution of reification.

The essence of commodity-structure has often been pointed out. Here we see Simmelian influence in the conflation of objectification with alienation in the fact that the relation between people takes on the character of a thing. We also see it in the fact this thing is autonomous and rational.

In the next few sentences Lukacs moves to tie this definition— and the two conceptions of reification it grounds— to the methodology he utilizes in the reification essay. I also contend that he fudges up this objective subjective distinction in part III. In what follows Lukacs uses his initial definition of the commodity structure to deploy his two conceptions of reification and demonstrate how the commodity has remolded all of society in its image.

Thus a multitude of different aspects of socio-cultural forms from bureaucracy to journalism are shown to be analogous with his conception of the commodity structure. In the initial paragraphs this analogy is with his Marxian conception of the commodity via the commensurability of abstract labour. But shortly afterwards he switches over to his Simmelian Weberian conception which actually takes up most of his social analysis of the phenomena of reification.

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Georg [György] Lukács

Rereading History and Class Consciousness this week to rewrite my chapter on fetishism in Lukacs. This time I think I know why it is. He attempts to synthesize these two types through his interpretation of fetishism as reification. In these works Lukacs offers a variant of kultur critique levelled at intertwined conceptions of society and culture.

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Reification (Marxism)

Today, his most widely read works are the Theory of the Novel of and History and Class Consciousness of This text became an important reference point both for critical social theory and for many currents of countercultural thought. He was also active as a politician in Hungary in both the revolution of and during the events of In , the family was admitted into the nobility.

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History morphed into something which people could lay their hands upon and make their own, thereby changing the world. The effect that this has upon a single life is beautifully described by John Reed when he records the following in the days after the October revolution:. My Petrograd! But his essay has been widely described as idealist, as over-playing the role of consciousness in the development of class struggle.

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In Marxism , reification German : Verdinglichung , lit. This implies that objects are transformed into subjects and subjects are turned into objects, with the result that subjects are rendered passive or determined, while objects are rendered as the active, determining factor. Hypostatization refers to an effect of reification which results from supposing that whatever can be named, or conceived abstractly, must actually exist, an ontological and epistemological fallacy. The concept is related to, but distinct from, Marx's theories of alienation and commodity fetishism.

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